If you are searching for “Common Desert Plants Found in Arizona” you are probably searching for the best plants to put in your landscape. What is it that really sets desert plants from others? Of course it starts with the sands that can be seen for miles, the high humidity and low precipitation during the day and then the dramatic fall in temperature at night. There is also something else that really sets the desert apart, which happens to be the flora. Desert plants are beautiful in their own way, and they are something that you won’t find anywhere else. It is these types of plants that are built to adapt to the harsh environment of the desert. They sure are beautiful, something that is so rare that they have become a huge tourist attraction. It was hard to place only 9 common desert plants in the same list because there are varieties of plants that will differ in every single desert all over the world that owing to different climates. Below are 9 plants that are the most common and general plants that are found in almost every single desert.
This plant is considered rare in the US within the Anza Borrego Desert State Park region, Santa Rosa Mountains, Sonoran Desert and parts of the southwestern area of Arizona. This is a plant that is normally made to adapt to a desert climate, that has a thick trunk that will store water for days. It is small, and the branches are small when compared to the size of the trunk. It does also store water in the lower wood and limbs, apart from the trunk. The foliage on the plant is lightly distributed that has long, flat legume like leaves that are paired leaflets. The flowers on it are rounded yellow structures in bud form and will then turn into small star shaped cream or white colored flowers. Many of the species of this plant are drought deciduous because of the warm climate and will have leaves throughout the year, except during extreme cold weather and droughts.
Organ pipe cactus
This species of cactus is found within the rocky deserts of the US and Mexico. It has narrow stems that will grow straight from a small trunk right above the ground. The stems will normally not grow into branches and then spread as they grow every year from the tip of each stem. It will take around 150 years for this plant to reach a mature stage. The older plants will produce light pink or purple tinted flowers that will have special characteristics. The flowers will stay open at night and close at the rise of the sun. The fruits that this plants produce are said to be tastier than a watermelon. They are food for many native American tribes and are also used as a medicine. The plant is pollinated by bats.
This is a beautiful shrub that ranges about 3 meters tall. The flowers on it are deep blue with purple bracts. The striking feature of this plant is that it doesn’t need to be watered once it has been established. These plants are drought resistant. They conserve solar energy and will blossom during precipitation. The plants also have medicinal properties and different tribes made infusions of stems and leaves of this plant as a cure for the common cold. It was also used to treat the flu, pneumonia, headaches, stomach aches, and some eye problems.
This plant belongs to the aster family and is normally found in the southwestern areas of Mexico and the US. They are an annual as well as short lived perennial plants that will grow to around 30 inches tall and will have hairy leaves. These hairs help them to survive in extreme conditions by increasing light reflection, which lowers the leaf temperatures as well as blocks UV rays. The flowers on this plant will grow and are colored bright yellow, which is where their name comes from. These spring wild flowers will start blooming in March and stay in bloom until November. During the rains, these flowers will bloom more and then the stone slopes that they grow on will look like bright yellow carpets. The flowers are very poisonous and large numbers of sheep have died due to these flowers.
This plant is also called the Hesperocallis is a flowering plant that is found within the desert areas of North America, California, Arizona, and Mexico. These flowers are actually funnel shaped and cream colored that will bloom in March and stay until May. This plant is a common sight in deserts and the leaves around an inch wide and will grow up to 20 inches wide. When it comes to appearance, this plant looks similar to Easter Lilies. The Desert Lily has deep bulbs that will send stems early in spring and the bulb is often used as a food by Native Americans.
Desert Willow Tree
This plant is also called the Chilopsis and is small, delicate deciduous shrub or tree found in Mexico and the US. The flowers for this plant bloom in May and will stay until September. The flowers are normally lavender and light pink in color. The lower lip and throat is beautifully designed to have purple lines and yellow ridges. large bees will often pollinate these flowers. It often happens in clusters and is able to deal with arid desert conditions, which certainly makes this a great desert plant.
Palm trees often grow in subtropical, tropical humid and hot conditions, as they are not able to stand the cold. They have a variety of species which comes to just over 2600. They have long stems, which is unbranched and have clusters of long leaves at the top of stem. Palms have often remained one of the most cultivated plants till this date. Most products are often made from palm trees, so they are economical. The uses of palm trees are plentiful. edible oil is made from palm trees, coconut form palm trees, palm sap is fermented to make palm wine, as we know are very beneficial, and the coir from the outer part of coconut shells are used to make ropes, mattresses and brushes.
The saguaro is a species of cactus. They have long lifespans of around 150 years, but the growth depends on the precipitation amount within the desert. The spines grow rapidly, and will grow around a millimeter daily. The flowers will bloom at night and stay from April to June. The flowers are yellow and white and the ruby red fruits are eaten by locals and there are over 2000 seeds in each of them which makes it easy to pollinate. The fruits are not able to be hand-picked, because of the long spines of the tree so they have to be plucked using a long pole.
Barrel cactus happens to be the most common desert plant all over the world. It can be up to 10 meters tall and the buds on this plant will grow around April and the color will vary for each blossom. It may be pink, red, orange, or yellow. The spines on the barrel cactus need to be handled with care, because if you are pricked by one of them, you may need antibiotics to fight the effects of the barrel cactus. The plants look beautiful and are developed in nurseries or personal gardens to be an ornamental plant.
Phoenix Desert Plant Nursery
If you are looking for the best quality, widest selection, and healthiest plants to put in your landscape in the Phoenix area, Desert Foothills Gardens is your source. We carry a wide variety of desert plants and have a landscape design and installation team that can help bring your dream garden and landscape into reality. If you would like to view our desert plant selection stop by our nursery in Cave Creek, or give us a call (480) 488-9455